Standard Video Characteristics

The following table lists key characteristics of popular analogue and digital video formats. Figures shown are the maximum supported by the format specification in each case.

Format Frame rate Field order Color sampling Bandwidth Compression Precision
Digital Betacam (NTSC) 29.97 Upper first 4:2:2 90 Mb/s 2.31:1 10-bit
Digital Betacam (PAL) 25 Upper first 4:2:2 90 Mb/s 2.31:1 10-bit
D1 (NTSC) 29.97 Lower first 4:2:2 270 Mb/s 1:1 8-bit
D1 (PAL) 25 Lower first 4:2:2 270 Mb/s 1:1 8-bit
Digital8 (NTSC) 29.97 Lower first 4:1:1 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
Digital8 (PAL) 25 Lower first 4:2:0 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DV-SP (NTSC) 29.97 Lower first 4:1:1 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DV-SP (PAL) 25 Lower first 4:2:0 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DVCAM (NTSC) 29.97 Lower first 4:1:1 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DVCAM (PAL) 25 Lower first 4:2:0 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DVCPRO (NTSC) 29.97 Lower first 4:1:1 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DVCPRO (PAL) 25 Lower first 4:1:1 25 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DVCPRO 50 29.97 Lower first 4:2:2 50 Mb/s 3.3:1 8-bit
DVCPRO-P 30p n/a 4:2:0 50 Mb/s 5:1 8-bit
DVD (NTSC) 29.97 Upper first 4:2:0 9.8 Mb/s 22:1 (MPEG-2) 8-bit
DVD (PAL) 25 Upper first 4:2:0 9.8 Mb/s 22:1 (MPEG-2) 8-bit
Betacam SX (NTSC) 29.97 Upper first 4:2:2 18 Mb/s 10:1 (MPEG-2) 8-bit
Betacam SX (PAL) 25 Upper first 4:2:2 18 Mb/s 10:1 (MPEG-2) 8-bit
HDV @720p 25p, 30p n/a 4:2:0 25 Mb/s 22.5:1 (MPEG-2) 8-bit
HDV @1080i 25, 30 Upper first 4:2:0 25 Mb/s 22.5:1 (MPEG-2) 8-bit
DVCProHD-100 25, 29.97, 29.97p, 30, 30p Lower first 4:2:2 100 Mb/s 6.7:1 8-bit
HDD5 23.98p, 24p, 25, 25p, 29.97, 29.97p, 30, 30p Upper first 4:2:2 250 Mb/s 4:1 (8-bit), 5:1 (10-bit) 8-bit, 10-bit
HDCAM 23.98p, 24p, 25, 25p, 29.97, 29.97p, 30, 30p Upper first 3:1:1 143 Mb/s 7.1:1 8-bit
HDCAM SR 23.98p, 24p, 25, 25p, 29.97, 29.97p, 30, 30p Upper first 4:4:4, 4:4:4 (log), 4:2:2 880 Mb/s (4:4:4), 440 Mb/s (4:2:2) 4.2:1 (MPEG-4, 4:4:4), 2.7:1 (MPEG-4, 4:2:2) 10-bit
Blu-ray 23.98p, 24p, 25, 25p, 29.97, 29.97p, 30, 30p Upper first 4:2:0 40 Mb/s 25:1 8-bit
Posted: October 15th, 2008
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